Have you ever tried to brew coffee at home? If you are not good at it, then probably, you will end up making bitter and tasteless coffee by brewing coffee on either high or low temperature.
Brewing coffee at home is a bit tricky, and you need to understand the process carefully to bring perfection and to get the right taste in your coffee.
First, decide how many grams or scoops of coffee beans to brew, find the right grinder, and then determine the amount of time you will let the coffee brew to set the right water temperature.
The brewing temperature of the water used is very crucial. It should range between 195 F (91˚C) to 205F (96˚C). It is better to raise the temperature up to 205 F, but never let it cross 212 F (100˚C) else, it will burn the coffee.
The water temperature matters a lot when brewing coffee because a little high or low temperature can ruin the original taste of your coffee. One third of a liter for every seventeen grams is the standard requirement for making a cup of good coffee. If you brew coffee longer than recommended time, it will taste bitter.
Always keep the temperature between 88 ˚ C to 93˚C to extract the coffee. If the water temperature is extremely low , the coffee will taste not so rich and strong because of under extraction.
Under extraction will add a sour flavor to the coffee, because all the acids from beans will dissolve in the water and spoil the taste. On the other hand, if the water temperature is high while brewing coffee, over extraction will occur, and coffee will taste bitter. If you get in that mess, you can always compensate by increasing the amount of coffee.
The entire process of brewing should last for about four to six minutes. If the ground particles are small and powdery, then you should brew the coffee for less than four minutes. The process may last longer than six minutes in case the ground particles are large.
As the 98% part of brewed coffee is made of water, it is important to use high-quality water. Use filters to filter the chemicals that may affect the taste. The process of extraction may get slow if you are using softened water, which will result in over extraction of coffee.
Always use fresh coffee to brew, as its organic materials break down and develop the desired flavor quickly.
I would also recommend taking your coffee off a hot plate after brewing is completed to keep it from burning. You can brew right into a thermal carafe or just pour your coffee directly into a good travel mug to keep it’s temperature high. Nobody likes burnt coffee so don’t put it on a hot plate ever.